Potential of the hottest nuclear power equipment m

2022-09-21
  • Detail

Potential of nuclear power equipment market overseas market is in the ascendant

the nuclear power industry entering the "13th five year plan" stage is ushering in an unprecedented new era. According to the medium and long-term development plan of China's nuclear power, by 2020, the planned installed capacity will reach 58million kW, and 30million kW is under construction. Coupled with the favorable stimulation of nuclear power equipment in the top-level design, the industry generally predicts that the nuclear power industry will grow in geometric multiples. From the operation of nuclear power equipment in the first quarter of this year, the power generation increased by 16.8% over the same period last year

the equipment operated smoothly in the first quarter

at present, China has put into commercial operation a total of 36 nuclear power units, with an operating installed capacity of 34718.16mwe (rated installed capacity). The cumulative generating capacity of nuclear power in operation was 54.967 billion kwh, an increase of 16.80% over the same period in 2016, accounting for about 3.77% of the country's cumulative generating capacity. All operating nuclear power plants strictly control the operation risks of the units and continue to maintain the safe and stable operation of the units

it is reported that in the first quarter, the cumulative power supply of nuclear power nationwide was 50.997 billion kwh, an increase of 16.26% over the same period in 2016. Compared with coal-fired power generation, nuclear power generation is equivalent to reducing the combustion of 17.1497 million tons of standard coal, reducing the emission of 44.9322 million tons of carbon dioxide, 145800 tons of sulfur dioxide and 126900 tons of nitrogen oxides

it is worth noting that the average utilization rate of equipment operating nuclear power in the first quarter was 75.21%, compared with 75.35% in the same period in 2016. The utilization rate of equipment in the first quarter decreased by 0.14 percentage points year-on-year. The average utilization rate of equipment in 2016 was 79.55%. The five units with the lowest average utilization rate of equipment in the first quarter are: Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Unit 3 has zero utilization rate, Fangchenggang nuclear power unit 1 has 5.5%, Changjiang nuclear power unit 1 has 14.17%, Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Unit 2 has 34.22%, and Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Unit 4 has 42.08%. Overhaul, temporary shutdown for maintenance upon power requirements and power reduction operation are the main reasons for the slight decrease of the average utilization rate of units in the same period, and the decline of individual units below 20%

unit 4 of Qinshan No.2 nuclear power plant and unit 1 of Lingao nuclear power plant are all due to refueling overhaul, and the average utilization rate of equipment is less than 70%; Fangchenggang nuclear power unit 1 and Changjiang nuclear power unit 1 are both due to the first refueling overhaul, and the average utilization rate of equipment is only 5.5% and 14.17%

the industrial chain has blossomed at many points

so far, China has 35 nuclear power units in operation and 21 nuclear power units under construction, ranking first in the world in the number of nuclear power units under construction

the goal is set. The 13th five year plan for energy development issued by the national development and Reform Commission and the energy administration in early 2017 set a high development goal for nuclear power: develop nuclear power safely and efficiently, start building a number of advanced third-generation pressurized water reactor nuclear power projects in coastal areas, and start building cap1400 demonstration projects. At the same time, according to the medium and long-term development plan of nuclear power, by the end of the 13th five year plan, the total number of units will reach the second in the world. He Yu, chairman of CGNPC, said that by 2030, China's nuclear power installed capacity should reach at least 130 megawatts. According to Heyu's assumption, four to six nuclear power stations will be added every year. The nuclear power executive thus emphasized a resolution passed by the National People's Congress in 2016: by 2030, China will have a total of 110 nuclear power plants and generate electricity

according to the public data of the national energy administration, as of 2016, the capacity of full caliber power generation equipment reached 164.575 million KW, an increase of 8.2% year-on-year. Among them, the capacity of nuclear power plants reached 33.64 million KW, an increase of 23.8% year-on-year

the confidence of the market comes from the strength of technology. In terms of nuclear energy technology innovation, "hualong-1" as a million kilowatt level third-generation nuclear power technology with complete independent intellectual property rights in China so far, the localization rate of the first reactor equipment has reached 89%. With the implementation of demonstration projects, the third generation nuclear power technology in China is becoming more and more mature. It is widely predicted in the industry that, according to the overall cost of the localization proportion of nuclear power equipment, the cost per million kilowatts is about 12billion yuan. It is expected that the new nuclear power installation from 2017 to 2020 will drive the investment scale of 380billion yuan, and more than 5400 manufacturing enterprises will benefit from it. In terms of the return on investment in nuclear power, although the total investment in nuclear power projects is relatively large, the unit cost has advantages due to its high power generation efficiency and utilization hours. Compared with thermal power, which is more sensitive to the price of raw materials, raw materials (uranium) account for only 25% of the cost of nuclear power generation, while the cost of coal fuel accounts for 70% of the cost of thermal power

nuclear power equipment accounts for about 50% of the total investment in the construction of nuclear power units. As the link with the highest proportion of investment, it will fully benefit from the acceleration of nuclear power construction. Unlike the two-year construction period of traditional thermal power plants, the construction period of nuclear power plants is as long as five years. The manufacturing cycle of nuclear power main equipment is mostly 3 years, and the manufacturing cycle of parts ranges from 6 months to 3 years. It is also based on this, although the 2017 energy work guidance released the signal of the recovery of nuclear power construction

"the Belt and Road" will open more markets

overseas markets are also particularly attracting attention, "Hualong 1" will be more internationally competitive. One month ago, CNNC chairman Wang Shoujun and Argentine nuclear power company president seymouroni signed the general contract for Argentina's fourth and fifth nuclear power plants at the Great Hall of the people in Beijing. According to the agreement of both parties, CNNC and CNNC Argentina will start the construction of a 700000 kW CANDU-6 heavy water reactor nuclear power unit in 2018 and a million KW "hualong-1" pressurized water reactor nuclear power unit in 2020

so far, the number of overseas nuclear power units exported by CNNC has increased to 8. According to CNNC's previous prediction, the China Arab nuclear power project will drive more than 30billion people. The solution is to clean the buffer valve and export mincoin nuclear power equipment

in the future, China's nuclear power is also expected to cooperate with Egypt in the Middle East, Jordan, especially the rare earth magnesium nodular cast iron and Argentina, which have been successfully developed in China, to achieve "going global" in many ways, such as technology export, equity investment, participation in operations and so on

according to foreign media reports not long ago, renewable energy has also increased significantly in India, with an annual economic growth rate of 6%, but large areas of India are suffering from power outages and outdated infrastructure. The country's political elite agreed that India must use all means of producing electricity, including nuclear energy. In May this year, when the government material temperature exceeded 220 ℃, the government just approved the plan to speed up the construction of 10 nuclear power plants. The reactors used in these nuclear power plants are based on European pressurized water reactor (EPR) technology, like China's "hualong-1"

it is reported that Pakistan is also suffering from power cuts and aging infrastructure. India's neighboring country currently has four smaller nuclear power plants, all located in flood threatened areas or earthquake risk areas. Karachi authorities plan to build another one or two nuclear power plants in these two areas

according to the National Nuclear Commission of Pakistan, with the help of China, Pakistan will add seven nuclear power plants by 2030. However, within the framework of the China Pakistan Economic Corridor, the expansion of coal-fired power is a priority

most of the countries along the "the Belt and Road" are countries with great power demand potential, but their power generation capacity is insufficient to meet. For example, the utilization hours of thermal power projects in Indonesia have reached more than 6000 hours, compared with the average utilization hours of thermal power in China last year, which was only 4100 hours, some even reduced to 3800 hours. The utilization hours of projects invested by countries along the "the Belt and Road" are very high, which will be another potential market

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI